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Superb Layout and Zoom for Your Photos

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This is probably a bit less common photographically and I would say 9 times out of 10 you will still want to ‘landscape a landscape’, however, you can still use it along with a strong sweeping lead line to create a solid composition and successful image. Using backlighting for portraits is a great way to show some separation between subject and background and lighting the hair from behind always adds a nice touch.  Done improperly though, you end up with the subject being dark and under exposed. In this case, you want to expose for the exact item you are shooting and not utilize the flash. If you use the flash as a fill here, you’ll wash out the subject and the transparent nature of it won’t be apparent.
When hiking along a mountain trail, use the path moving your eye from bottom to what should be the main subject, the mountains (not forgetting you can also chuck in a person for a bit of scale).

Some digital cameras allow cropping and enlarging of a captured image, in order to emulate the effect of a longer focal length zoom lens (narrower angle of view). This is commonly known as digital zoom and produces an image of lower resolution than optical zoom. Exactly the same effect can be obtained by using digital image processing software to crop te image and enlarge the cropped area. Many digital cameras have both, combining them by first using the optical, then the digital zoom. Keep in mind that people tend to act quite differently when they know they are being photographed. With a telephoto zoom lens, you can capture candid moments while your friends or children are none the wiser. I’m not talking about doing anything crazy like hiding behind the bushes. Just casually sit back at a social gathering and snap away. As long as you don’t have to use a flash, most people won’t know they are being photographed. Telephoto lenses are known to distort images. This is known as the “telephoto effect,” and it amounts to a kind of flattening. Everything, when seen from far away, appears kind of flat. If you have ever been out hiking on a mountain, you know how this can become very deceptive. At first, you think your goal isn’t too far away. But as you get closer, you realize just how much mountain is in front of you.

Today the most widely used image format is the so-called JPEG format. Digital images can be saved in a number of different file formats (TIFF, JPEG, PNG, PSD, GIF) each with its own benefits. The JPEG file type was developed in the early web days. It was developed as a method of compressing or reducing the file size. It made it easier to mail or upload and download images. For the beginner my advice is to work with JPEG files for at least one or two year before going to the RAW format. Taking a step by step approach learning all the different and oft new techniques is far better than trying to do all at once. Two things I will recommend you. Set the JPEG format to super fine mode (less as possible compression) and always shoot in both JPEG and RAW mode. That will help you to go back and edit keepers once you mastered post processing techniques.

Employing the best layout and zoom will help ensure that your saved photos are everything that you desire! For tips and details on the features of the Nikon D4 or other Nikon D400 camera model, be sure to see all that a camera has to offer you!

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